The following is a list of references pulled from Douglas Hofstadter’s 1995 book, “Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought”.

The list is being copied for future study, and will be updated with links to papers (as time permits).

  • Aitchison, Jean (1994). Words in the Mind: An Introduction to the Mental Lexicon (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell. [Link]
  • Albers, Donald, Gerald L. Alexanderson, and Constance Reid, eds. (1990). More Mathematical People. San Diego: Harcourt Brace.
  • Anderson, John R. (1983). The Architecture of Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. [Link]
  • Arnold, Henri and Bob Lee (1982). Jumble #21. New York: Signet (New American Library).
  • Belpatto, Guglielmo Egidio (1890). “L’ipertraduzione esemplificata nel dominio di analogie geografiche“. Rivista inesistente di filoscioccosofia, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 324-271.
  • Bergerson, Howard (1973). Palindromes and Anagrams. New York: Dover. [Link]
  • Blesser, Barry et al. (1973). “Character Recognition Based on Phenomenological Attributes“. Visible Language, vol. 7, no. 3. [Link]
  • Bobrow, Daniel and Bertram Raphael (1974). “New Programming Languages for AI Research“. Computing Surveys, vol. 6, no. 3. [Link]
  • Boden, Margaret A. (1977). Artificial Intelligence and Natural Man. New York: Basic Books. [Link]
  • Boden, Margaret A. (1991). The Creative Mind: Myths and Mechanisms. New York: Basic Books. [Link]
  • Bongard, Mikhail (1970). Pattern Recognition. Rochelle Park, NJ: Hayden (Spartan Books).
  • Boole, George (1855). The Laws of Thought. New York: Dover. [Link]
  • Bruner, Jerome (1957). “On Perceptual Readiness“. Psychological Review, vol. 64, pp.123-152. [Link]
  • Burstein, Mark (1986). “Concept Formation by Incremental Analogical Reasoning and Debugging“. In Michalski, Carbonell, & Mitchell, 1986, pp. 351-369. [Link]
  • Carbonell, Jaime G. (1983). “Learning by Analogy: Formulating and Generalizing Plans from Past Experience“. In Michalski, Carbonell, & Mitchell, 1983, pp. 137-162. [Link]
  • Chapman, D. (1991). Vision, Instruction, and Action. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [Link]
  • Conrad, Michael et al. (1989). “Towards an Artificial Brain“. BioSystems, vol. 23, pp. 175-218. [Link]
  • Cutler, Anne, ed. (1982). Slips of the Tongue and Language Production. Berlin: Mouton. [Link]
  • Defays, Daniel (1988). L’esprit en friche: Les foisonnements de l’intelligence artificielle. Liege, Belgium: Pierre Mardaga.
  • Dell, Gary S. and P. A. Reich (1980). “Slips of the Tongue: The Facts and a Stratificational Model“. In J. E. Copeland & P. W. Davis (eds.), Papers in Cognitive-Stratificational Linguistics, vol. 66, pp. 611-629. Houston: Rice University Studies. [Link]
  • Dennett, Daniel C. (1978). Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology. Montgomery, VT: Bradford Books. [Link]
  • Dennett, Daniel C. (1991). “Real Patterns“. Journal of Philosophy, vol. 89, pp. 27-51. [Link]
  • Dowker, Ann et al. (1995). “Estimation Strategies of Four Groups“. To appear in Mathematical Cognition, vol. 1, no. 1. [Link]
  • Dreyfus, Hubert (1979). What Computers Can’t Do (2nd ed.). New York: Harper and Row. [Link]
  • Elman, Jeffrey L. (1990). “Finding Structure in Time“. Cognitive Science, vol. 14, pp. 179-212. [Link]
  • Erman, Lee D. et al. (1980). “The Hearsay-II Speech-Understanding System: Integrating Knowledge to Resolve Uncertainty“. Computing Surveys, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 213-253. [Link]
  • Ernst, G. W. and Allen Newell (1969). GPS: A Case Study in Generality and Problem Solving. New York: Academic Press. [Link]
  • Evans, Thomas G. (1968). “A Program for the Solution of Geometric-Analogy Intelligence-Test Questions“. In Marvin Minsky (ed.), Semantic Information Processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Falkenhainer, Brian, Kenneth D. Forbus, and Dedre Gentner (1990). “The Structure-Mapping Engine“. Artificial Intelligence, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 1-63. [Link]
  • Feldman, Jerome and Dana H. Ballard (1982). “Connectionist Models and Their Properties“. Cognitive Science, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 205-254. [Link]
  • Fennell, R. D. and Victor R. Lesser (1975). “Parallelism in AI Problem Solving: A Case Study of Hearsay II“. Technical Report, Computer Science Department, Carnegie-Mellon University. Reprinted in Reddy et al., 1976. Also published in IEEE Transactions on Computer, vol. C-26 (February, 1977), pp. 98-111. [Link]
  • Fodor, Jerry A. (1983). The Modularity of Mind. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books/MIT Press. [Link]
  • French, Robert M. (1990). “Subcognition and the Limits of the Turing Test“. Mind, vol. 99, no. 393, pp. 53-65. [Link]
  • French, Robert M. (1992). “Tabletop: An Emergent, Stochastic Computer Model of Analogy-making.” Doctoral dissertation, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Michigan. [Link]
  • French, Robert M. (1995). Tabletop: An Emergent, Stochastic Computer Model of Analogy-making. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books/MIT Press. [Link]
  • French, Robert M. and Jacqueline Henry (1988). “La traduction en francais des jeux linguistiques de Godel, Escher, Bach“. Meta, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 133-142.
  • French, Robert M. and Douglas R. Hofstadter (1991). “Tabletop: A Stochastic, Emergent Model of Analogy-making“. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 708-713. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • French, Scott R. and Hal (1993). Just This Once. New York: Birch Lane Press, Carol Publishing Group.
  • Fromkin, Victoria A., ed. (1980). Errors in Linguistic Performance: Slips of the Tongue, Ear, Pen, and Hand. New York: Academic Press. [Link]
  • Gaillat, G. and M. Berthod (1979). “Panorama des techniques d’extraction de traits caracteristiques en lecture de caracteres“. Revue technique Thomson-CSF, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 943-959.
  • Gentner, Dedre (1983). “Structure-mapping: A Theoretical Framework for Analogy“. Cognitive Science, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 155-170. [Link]
  • Gick, Mary L. and Keith J. Holyoak (1983). “Schema Induction and Analogical Transfer“. cognitive Psychology, vol. 15, pp. 1-38. [Link]
  • Grebert, Igor et al. (1991). “Connectionist Generalization for Production: An Example from GridFont“. In Proceedings of the 1991 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. [Link]
  • Grebert, Igor et al. (1992). “Connectionist Generalization for Production: An Example from GridFont“. Neural Networks, vol. 5, pp. 699-710. [Link]
  • Guha, R. V. and Douglas B. Lenat (1994). “Enabling Agents to Work Together“. Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 127-142. [Link]
  • Hall, R. P. (1989). “Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning“. Artificial Intelligence, vol. 39, pp. 39-120. [Link]
  • Hanson, A. and E. Riseman, eds. (1978). Computer Vision Systems. New York: Academic Press. [Link]
  • Harnad, Stevan (1989). “Minds, Machines, and Searle“. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, vol. 1, pp. 5-25. [Link]
  • Harnad, Stevan (1990). “The Symbol Grounding Problem“. Physica D, vol. 42, pp. 335-346.
  • Hebb, Donald O. (1948). The Organization of Behavior. New York: John Wiley.
  • Hewitt, Carl (1985). “The Challenge of Open Systems“. Byte, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 223-242.
  • Hinton, Geoffrey E. and James A. Anderson, eds. (1981). Parallel Models of Associative Memory. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Hinton, Geoffrey E. and James A. Anderson, eds. (1986). “Learning and Relearning in Boltzmann Machines“. In Rumelhart, McClelland, and the PDP Research Group, 1986, pp. 282-317.
  • Hinton, Geoffrey E., Christopher K. I. Williams, and Michael D. Revow (1992). “Adaptive Elastic Models for Hand-Printed Character Recognition“. Talk presented at the Twelfth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Chicago, Illinois, 1991. Also in the Neuroprose archives.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1976). “Energy levels and wave functions of Bloch electrons in rational and irrational magnetic fields“. Physical Review B, vol. 14, no. 6.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1979). Godel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid. New York: Basic Books.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1981). “Metamagical Themas: How might analogy, the core of human thinking, be understood by computers?“. Scientific American, vol. 245, no. 3, pp. 18-30. Reprinted as Chapter 24 of Hofstadter, 1985.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1982a). “Metafont, Metamathematics, and Metaphysics: Comments on Donald Knuth’s Article ‘The Concept of a Meta-Font’“. Visible Language, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 309-338. Reprinted as Chapter 13 of Hofstadter, 1985.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1982b). “Metamagical Themas: Can inspiration be mechanized“. Scientific American, vol. 247, no. 3, pp. 18-34. Reprinted as Chapter 23 of Hofstadter, 1985.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1982c). “Metamagical Themas: Variations on a theme as the essence of imagination“. Scientific American, vol. 247, no. 4, pp. 20-29. Reprinted as Chapter 12 of Hofstadter, 1985.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1982d). “Artificial Intelligence: Subcognition as Computation“, in F. Machlup and U. Mansfield (eds.), The Study of Information. New York: John Wiley. Reprinted as Chapter 26 of Hofstadter, 1985.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1982e). “Who Shoves Whom Around inside the Careenium?Synthese, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 189-218. Reprinted as Chapter 25 of Hofstadter, 1985.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1983a). “The Architecture of Jumbo“, in Ryszard Michalski, Jaime Carbonell, and Thomas Mitchell (eds.), Proceedings of the International Machine Learning Workshop, pp. 161-170. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois. Expanded version printed as Chapter 2 of the present book.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1983b). “On Seeking Whence“. Publication #5, Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition, Indiana University, Bloomington.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1984a). “The Copycat Project: An Experiment in Nondeterminism and Creative Analogies“. AI Memo 755, MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1984b). “Simple and Not-so-simple Analogies in the Copycat Domain“. Publication #9, Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition, Indiana University.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1985). Metamagical Themas: Questing for the Essence of Mind and Pattern. New York: Basic Books.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1986). “Dreams of a Magical Shield” (“My Turn” column), Newsweek, March 3, 1986, p. 8.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1987a). Ambigrammi: Un microcosmo ideale per lo studio della creativita. Forence: Hopeful Monster.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1987b). “Introduction to the Letter Spirit Project and to the Idea of ‘Gridfonts’“. Publication #17, Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition, Indiana University, Bloomington.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1987c). “La recherche de l’essence entre le medium et le message“. Protee, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 13-31. Also available in English through the Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition, Indiana University, Bloomington.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1988a). “Common Sense and Conceptual Halos” (reply to Paul Smolensky’s target article “On the Proper Treatment of Connectionism”). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. II. no. 1, pp. 35-37.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1988b). “Doughalese and the Semiotic Mystery“. Eureka, vol. 48, pp. 57-64. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Mathematical Society.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1995). Forward to the Chinese translation of Hofstadter, 1979. Beijing: Commercial Press, forthcoming. Also available in English through the Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition, Indiana University, Bloomington.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. and Daniel C. Dennett, eds. (1981). The Mind’s I: Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul. New York: Basic Books.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R., Melanie Mitchell, and Robert M. French (1987). “Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: A Theory and Its Computer Implementation“. Publication #18, Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition, Indiana University.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. and David J. Moser (1989). “To Err is Human; To Study Error-making is Cognitive Science“, in Michigan Quarterly Review, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 185-215.
  • Hofstadter, Douglas R. et al. (1989). “Synopsis of the Workshop on Humor and Cognition“. Humor, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 417-440.
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